PyAMF 0.3 Released and Sample on Google App Engine

A great Action Message Format (AMF) remoting kit for server side for the pythonistas is pyAMF, they recently released PyAMF 0.3 and have a sample running up on Google App Engine. There is also a tutorial for getting PyAMF running on Google App Engine. Aral Balkan got this running as well.

Features of pyAMF currently:

More on the PyAMF library:

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AS3 Cryptography and Hashing Libraries for Encryption and Security (crypto)

AS3 libraries for crypto are pretty robust from the new RAW POWER in the AVM2 virtual machine that runs flash9/as3, cryptography, like compression, is very processor intensive and needs a fair amount of power to be worth the time (usually a balancing mechanism). I am working on a few security apps in AIR and Flash9 for a project and a product so this is the best of what I have found to share. I will be sure to post here when these projects are complete.

There are two that are pretty good as3 kits that have decent support for crypto and hashing, actually as3crypto is quite broad in their support or most common crypto algorithms, even hashing support up to SHA-256 and ciphers 3DES, AES, RC4.

This is not really a comparison just some kits that have tools you might need. as3crypto is definitely the way to go for more heavy ecryption with common ciphers, but if you are just hashing some text as3corelib might work for your project. as3corelib is a more broad toolkit that is made or sponsored by Adobe that has JSON, RSS, support and other tools. It is a great core lib, but not as deep in the encryption area. I am actually using both in the stuff I am working on, as3corelib for some other uses (JSON,RSS) and as3crypto for all encryption and hashing.

The two are:

  • as3crypto
    • Robust, broad encryption and security support
    • Open source
    • Demo
    • Browse source
    • Broad support of algorithms
        • TLS 1.0 support, exposed through TLSSocket and TLSEngine classes
        • X.509 Certificate support, including parsing, and validation
        • built-in list of common root Certificate Authorities
        • symmetric ciphers: AES, Blowfish, DES, 3DES, XTEA, RC4
        • confidentiality modes: CTR, CBC, CFB, CFB-8, OFB, ECB
        • public key crypto: RSA (encryption, decryption, signing, verifying and key generation)
        • padding: PKCS#1 (type 1 and 2), PKCS#5
        • BigInteger library
        • hashing function: SHA-256, SHA-224, SHA-1, MD5, MD2
        • HMAC support
        • prng: TLSPRF and stream-cypher-based PRNG.
        • minimal ASN-1/DER support for PEM key parsing and X-509 cert parsing
        • Crypto – Shortcut class to access many classes above.
        • Hex, Base64 – Static methods to convert binary data to and from text formats

As3 Crypto is a cryptography library written in Actionscript 3 that provides several common algorithms, as well as TLS 1.0 support. The library is offered under the BSD license, and include several derivative works from Java, C and javascript sources.

Here’s some numbers from as3Crypto home page that show the speed, note it has not been optimized just yet (since most of this is client side and only one user would be using it this is not an issue – server side is where this can have scale problems from parallel execution but flash is rarely server side if it is too slow, but it is quite fast)

The 'numbers' are in 1000s of bytes per second processed.
type             16 bytes     64 bytes    256 bytes   1024 bytes   8192 bytes
md2                  1.01k        3.64k       15.08k       53.89k      171.76k
md5                221.85k      447.32k      739.54k      893.72k      905.82k
sha1                82.28k      184.78k      286.76k      336.03k      345.41k
sha224              60.84k      125.67k      200.27k      234.28k      247.58k
sha256              60.52k      126.30k      199.19k      234.04k      246.01k
hmac-md5            48.37k      159.37k      282.87k      295.15k      341.21k
hmac-sha1           18.29k       64.82k      165.72k      277.60k      342.52k
hmac-sha224          5.75k       24.84k      125.71k      204.35k      256.36k
hmac-sha256         15.10k       49.33k      123.71k      206.17k      249.08k
rc4                117.24k      381.34k      878.93k     1315.01k     1539.44k
xtea-cbc             2.49k        6.48k       12.80k       33.00k       44.48k
aes128-cbc           1.61k        4.01k       22.97k       78.55k      205.01k
aes192-cbc           1.34k        5.13k       20.91k       69.45k      172.43k
aes256-cbc           1.48k        5.63k       18.87k       63.45k      150.39k
blowfish-cbc         2.77k       10.81k       42.28k      140.27k      343.05k
des-cbc              2.53k        9.73k       35.20k      124.84k      624.88k
3des-cbc             2.50k        9.72k       35.61k      115.21k      253.42k

The library has not been optimized for speed, and those numbers could probably be improved.

They both have minimal or none ASN.1 support which I will need but I can port much of this from my favorite Java/C# crypto kit from the legion of the bouncy castle of which I was happy to find was a substantial base for this kit.

Whatever you do don’t send any type of message from your crypto kits with aes 256 cipher and sha-256 hashing to Iran from the US. 🙂

AS3 Parsing RSS Feed

Mike Chambers has a great post on parsing RSS in AS3 with as3syndicationlib. I had some info on this in development but Mike’s post is very simple and just posting the code here for reference.

import com.adobe.utils.XMLUtil;
import com.adobe.xml.syndication.rss.Item20;
import com.adobe.xml.syndication.rss.RSS20;

import flash.events.Event;
import flash.events.IOErrorEvent;
import flash.events.SecurityErrorEvent;
import flash.net.URLLoader;
import flash.net.URLRequest;
import flash.net.URLRequestMethod;

private var loader:URLLoader;

//url of rss 2.0 feed
private static const RSS_URL:String = "http://feeds.feedburner.com/MikeChambers/";

//called when user presses the button to load feed
private function onLoadPress():void
{
 loader = new URLLoader();

	//request pointing to feed
 var request:URLRequest = new URLRequest(RSS_URL);
 request.method = URLRequestMethod.GET;

	//listen for when the data loads
 loader.addEventListener(Event.COMPLETE, onDataLoad);

	//listen for error events
 loader.addEventListener(IOErrorEvent.IO_ERROR, onIOError);
 loader.addEventListener(SecurityErrorEvent.SECURITY_ERROR, onSecurityError);

	//load the feed data
 loader.load(request);
}

//called once the data has loaded from the feed
private function onDataLoad(e:Event):void
{
 //get the raw string data from the feed
 var rawRSS:String = URLLoader(e.target).data;

	//parse it as RSS
 parseRSS(rawRSS);

}

//parses RSS 2.0 feed and prints out the feed titles into
//the text area
private function parseRSS(data:String):void
{

	//XMLSyndicationLibrary does not validate that the data contains valid
 //XML, so you need to validate that the data is valid XML.
 //We use the XMLUtil.isValidXML API from the corelib library.
 if(!XMLUtil.isValidXML(data))
 {
 	writeOutput("Feed does not contain valid XML.");
 	return;
 }	

	//create RSS20 instance
 var rss:RSS20 = new RSS20();

		//parse the raw rss data
 	rss.parse(data);

		//get all of the items within the feed
 	var items:Array = rss.items;

		//loop through each item in the feed
 	for each(var item:Item20 in items)
 	{
 		//print out the title of each item
 		writeOutput(item.title);
 	}
}

private function writeOutput(data:String):void
{
 outputField.text += data + "\n";
}

private function onIOError(e:IOErrorEvent):void
{
 writeOutput("IOError : " + e.text);
}

private function onSecurityError(e:SecurityErrorEvent):void
{
 writeOutput("SecurityError : " + e.text);
}

Check out the full post on this at Mike’s blog.

AS3, AS2, Silverlight, Actionscript in Google Trends for Vector Wars

Here is an interesting look to start the new year at Google Trends for some common keywords to this blog audience. Comparing AS2, AS3, Silverlight and actionscript you can see that there is some pretty interesting things happening.

as3 as2 actionscript silverlight  

First off, AS2 and AS3 are clouded because they are also related to EDI and EDI-INT so they get a bit inflated. Silverlight though is pretty unique in the naming. So from this graph we can see this happening:

  • Silverlight and AS3 are growing rapidly
  • Silverlight is crossing over as3 or meeting it
  • The market looking for Silverlight is about 8-10 times as large as actionscript/as3/as3
  • Silverlight and AS3 are growing, AS2 has no growth left and is an EOL language (end of life)
  • AS2 (even with crossover to EDI trends for “as2”) leveled out, where AS3 is starting to lift to a larger market. This is strongly due to it being a fun language based on ES4 and interests programmers.
  • The as3 effect started right in March-April 2007 (hrm I started this blog in April 2007 coincidenc? j/k :))

Another chart including Flex shows a better picture of the keyword wars between flex and silverlight.

as3 as2 actionscript silverlight flex

So from this graph we can see this happening:

  • Flex has a large buzz
  • Adobe’s marketing efforts are many while silverlight is more unique and focused
  • Flex, as3 and Silverlight are popular, and growing in their support (the growth market for technology is in these areas, not in tech from Flash 8/as2)
  • AS2 still taking a nosedive

Flash and Flex programmers and designers should know that with Silverlight 2.0 release coming and the capabilities of Silverlight 2.0 more competitive, flashers should be working on Flex, Flash9 or at least AS3 if not Flex. The RIA competition market will heat up immensely this year with Silverlight 2.0 and possibly Flex3 and coding and programming for Flash and Flex is becoming more involved. It also has a very strong competitor in Silverlight 2.0 coming that will drive this market.

This is all great news if you are ready for it, if you are still coding actionscript2 (AS2) and paying no mind to Silverlight, Flex or at least actionscript3 (AS3) then you will see your market slowly start to fade as things are ramped up and more of a programming focus in the vector wars. If you are a flash coder and ignoring Silverlight, your solutions will suffer. If you are a silverlight coder or .NET coder and ignoring the Flex and AS3 rise your solutions will suffer. I have been playing in AS3, Flex and Silverlight for over a year on both now and they are an entirely new platform with great programming models. The competition puts focus on this market so it is a great time to be skilled in these areas.

HOWTO: SharedObjects for Local Storage AS3

Using SharedObjects in Flash is very simple. Flash has SharedObjects that have been in the player since Flash6 when the introduction of Flash Communication Server which is now Flash Media Server which is releasing version 3 soon (also remote SharedObjects in Red5 is an open source RTMP media server that is based on Flash Media Server). So we can thank this release for SharedObjects, Camera objects, Audio, lots of the NetConnections, protocol enhancements and many other things. However to keep the tips simple we will just touch on the local usage and post a series of posts on these objects.

SharedObjects locally and remote have changed the way offline is thought about and are the backbone of many offline systems and prototypes. They have been influential in moving storage locally to remote in a lightweight AMF0 or AMF3 format.

SharedObject is in the flash.net namespace in AS3.

Here we show how to use the local version of a SharedObject to store data in the most simple form.

import flash.net.SharedObject;
var so:SharedObject = SharedObject.getLocal("userData");
so.data.username= "user1377";
so.data.pwdhash= "[hash] or pwd";
so.flush(); // writes changes to disk

You can see this is extremely simple to store data.Here we show how to use the local version of a SharedObject to retrieve data in the most simple form.

import flash.net.SharedObject;
var so:SharedObject = SharedObject.getLocal("userData");
var username:String = so.data.username;
var pwdhash:String = so.data.pwdhash;

That is it! In the most basic form SharedObjects are more simple than cookies and also are quite nice living outside the bounds of the cookies folder. If a user deletes all cookies it will not delete the SharedObjects. To delete SharedObjects you need to roght click on the Flash player, go to Settings and delete the objects there.You can store any type of data Flash supports from objects to numbers to strings in the SharedObject data.

import flash.net.SharedObject;
var so:SharedObject = SharedObject.getLocal("userData");
so.data.username= "user1377";
so.data.uid= new Number(1337);
var obj:Object = new Object();
obj.prop = "value";
so.data.userobj= obj;
so.flush(); // writes changes to disk

For large applications SharedObjects local are great because users can have their SharedObject space set to a high amount of space or unlmited for large offline type apps or more complex apps stored in a state object. It gets interesting when you pass this to the server in AMF or extremely compact AMF3 format to a remote stored object, via remoting, Shared Object events or any way you want to.We will be posting more on remote shared objects and some of the other tools such as Camera and Streams for AS3 over the coming weeks and deeper into the Sync Events for remote and local SOs.Sephiroth has a great Python tool to peer into the SOs on disk.

The first version of SharedObject Reader was written in python 2.2.
This new version is written in C# (C Sharp) as it’s now part of FlashDevelop editor.

Red5 also does this as well as many AMF kits.

Sync Events for SharedObject (as they change they launch a sync event)

Event object type: flash.events.SyncEvent
SyncEvent.type property = flash.events.SyncEvent.SYNC

Read more at adobe docs:

flash.net.SharedObject

Sample from AS3 docs showing usage

package {
    import flash.display.Sprite;
    import flash.events.MouseEvent;
    import flash.events.NetStatusEvent;
    import flash.net.SharedObject;
    import flash.net.SharedObjectFlushStatus;
    import flash.text.TextField;
    import flash.text.TextFieldAutoSize;
    import flash.text.TextFieldType;

    public class SharedObjectExample extends Sprite {

        private var mySo:SharedObject;

        public function SharedObjectExample() {
            buildUI();
            saveBtn.addEventListener(MouseEvent.CLICK, saveValue);
            clearBtn.addEventListener(MouseEvent.CLICK, clearValue);

            mySo = SharedObject.getLocal("application-name");
            output.appendText("SharedObject loaded...\n");
            output.appendText("loaded value: " + mySo.data.savedValue + "\n\n");
        }

         private function saveValue(event:MouseEvent):void {
            output.appendText("saving value...\n");
            mySo.data.savedValue = input.text;

            var flushStatus:String = null;
            try {
                flushStatus = mySo.flush(10000);
            } catch (error:Error) {
                output.appendText("Error...Could not write SharedObject to disk\n");
            }
            if (flushStatus != null) {
                switch (flushStatus) {
                    case SharedObjectFlushStatus.PENDING:
                        output.appendText("Requesting permission to save object...\n");
                        mySo.addEventListener(NetStatusEvent.NET_STATUS, onFlushStatus);
                        break;
                    case SharedObjectFlushStatus.FLUSHED:
                        output.appendText("Value flushed to disk.\n");
                        break;
                }
            }
            output.appendText("\n");
        }

        private function clearValue(event:MouseEvent):void {
            output.appendText("Cleared saved value...Reload SWF and the value should be \"undefined\".\n\n");
            delete mySo.data.savedValue;
        }

        private function onFlushStatus(event:NetStatusEvent):void {
            output.appendText("User closed permission dialog...\n");
            switch (event.info.code) {
                case "SharedObject.Flush.Success":
                    output.appendText("User granted permission -- value saved.\n");
                    break;
                case "SharedObject.Flush.Failed":
                    output.appendText("User denied permission -- value not saved.\n");
                    break;
            }
            output.appendText("\n");

            mySo.removeEventListener(NetStatusEvent.NET_STATUS, onFlushStatus);
        }

        // UI elements
        private var inputLbl:TextField;
        private var input:TextField;
        private var output:TextField;
        private var saveBtn:Sprite;
        private var clearBtn:Sprite;

        private function buildUI():void {
            // input label
            inputLbl = new TextField();
            addChild(inputLbl);
            inputLbl.x = 10;
            inputLbl.y = 10;
            inputLbl.text = "Value to save:";

            // input TextField
            input = new TextField();
            addChild(input);
            input.x = 80;
            input.y = 10;
            input.width = 100;
            input.height = 20;
            input.border = true;
            input.background = true;
            input.type = TextFieldType.INPUT;

            // output TextField
            output = new TextField();
            addChild(output);
            output.x = 10;
            output.y = 35;
            output.width = 250;
            output.height = 250;
            output.multiline = true;
            output.wordWrap = true;
            output.border = true;
            output.background = true;

            // Save button
            saveBtn = new Sprite();
            addChild(saveBtn);
            saveBtn.x = 190;
            saveBtn.y = 10;
            saveBtn.useHandCursor = true;
            saveBtn.graphics.lineStyle(1);
            saveBtn.graphics.beginFill(0xcccccc);
            saveBtn.graphics.drawRoundRect(0, 0, 30, 20, 5, 5);
            var saveLbl:TextField = new TextField();
            saveBtn.addChild(saveLbl);
            saveLbl.text = "Save";
            saveLbl.selectable = false;

            // Clear button
            clearBtn = new Sprite();
            addChild(clearBtn);
            clearBtn.x = 230;
            clearBtn.y = 10;
            clearBtn.useHandCursor = true;
            clearBtn.graphics.lineStyle(1);
            clearBtn.graphics.beginFill(0xcccccc);
            clearBtn.graphics.drawRoundRect(0, 0, 30, 20, 5, 5);
            var clearLbl:TextField = new TextField();
            clearBtn.addChild(clearLbl);
            clearLbl.text = "Clear";
            clearLbl.selectable = false;
        }
    }
}

haXe Video 1.0 Released


haXe, one of the coolest and most versatile languages and platforms of today just released something to add to the already amazing feature set of haXe.  Nicolas Cannasse has posted about releasing haXe Video 1.0. I have been engulfed by Red5 for a few weeks and this could not have come at a better time for fun.

haxeVideo is an opensource video streaming server entirely written in haXe.

Features of haXe Video 1.0:

  • FLV streaming using RTMP protocol
  • Webcam and Microphone recording to FLV file
  • Live streaming for web conferencing
  • light and fast scalable server
  • only 50 KB of server source code : modify whatever you need !

Links